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Carlos Cruz-Diez’s Chromosaturation, now part of PAMM's permanent collection

The Cruz-Diez Foundation is proud to announce that Chromosaturation, 1965/2007 by Carlos Cruz-Diez is now part of the Pérez Art Museum Miami's collection and will be on view from June 9, 2022.

Chromosaturations are participative environments that reimagine color as an embodied experience and are considered Cruz-Diez’s seminal work, a synthesis of his lifelong study of color. Originally conceptualized in 1965, Chromosaturations consist of three consecutive chambers: one red, one green, and one blue, that immerse visitors in a total monochromatic environment, stimulating their perceptions of color.

Carlos Cruz-Diez, Chromosaturation, 1965/2007 Photo by Lazaro Llanes courtesy of PAMM © Carlos Cruz-Diez / Bridgeman Images, 2022

Carlos Cruz-Diez's investigations into the ever-changing and ephemeral nature of color established him as one of the key pioneers of Kinetic and Optical art and as a major protagonist in the story of late 20th-century art. Through his experimental use of light, movement, space, and viewer interactivity, Cruz-Diez encouraged “an awareness of the instability of reality” while proposing a new definition of art as a field of active participation.

Acquired for PAMM’s collection in 2020 with funds provided by Jorge M. Pérez, Chromosaturation, 1965/2007, is an immersive environment that reimagines color as an embodied experience. Upon entering this space, visitors are transported by a chromatic experience that shifts as one moves from one space to the next. The experience scrambles the retina, which is normally accustomed to perceiving a wide range of colors simultaneously. Eliciting both a strong sensorial and emotional response in viewers, the installation transitions from a visual experience into a bodily one, underscoring the notion of color as a material, physical phenomenon that unfolds continuously in time and space.

Chromosaturation 1965/2007 is emblematic of Cruz-Diez’s pioneering contribution to the experimental practices that emerged in the 1960s and 1970s, which proposed the dematerialization of the object in favor of participatory situations that engage the spectator’s body, senses, and subjectivity. Cruz-Diez’s experimentations with color and sensory perception anticipated many of the relational and participatory tendencies of recent art.

Carlos Cruz-Diez: Chromosaturation is organized by PAMM’s Andrew W. Mellon Caribbean Cultural Institute Coordinator Iberia Pérez González with PAMM’s former Director of Curatorial Affairs and Chief Curator René Morales. This exhibition is presented with support from Patricia and William Kleh.

Learn more about Carlos Cruz-Diez’s Chromosaturation

WHAT "Carlos Cruz-Diez: Chromosaturation" Exhibition at PAMM

WHEN Chromosaturation, 1965/2017 will be on view from June 10, 2022, and is now part of PAMM's permanent collection

WHERE PAMM | Pérez Art Museum Miami 1103 Biscayne Blvd,

Miami, FL 33132,

United States


For more information on Chromosaturation 1965/2007, visit PAMM's website


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